We’re so happy and grateful…

 
“Justin, me, Moxie and Atlas are at the beach this week (got here Friday) and it has been a complete 180 from the last couple of years at the beach. People stop them on the beach and comment on how well-behaved they are. Dogs off-leash or acting up run towards them and they are able to remain composed. It’s truly amazing and such a relief we could almost cry. They will sit by us in the tidal pools and play or dig as little kids or dogs run by. I can’t express how wonderful it truly is, but we wanted to let you know. They’re not perfect, but they better know our expectations and now when they bark it’s more like a “hey” instead of a hey hey hey hey hi hi hi look over here HEY I NEED TO GET TO YOU RIGHT NOW.
I could write more, but all of this is to say we’re so happy and grateful.”
-Blake Jordan of Shipman, VA

The Game of Dogs: What are The Rules of Playing with Your Puppy

Playing games with your puppy is more than just hanging out and spending time together. The activities and rules you choose can help your new friend get to know you better, develop their cognitive thinking and, of course, get much needed physical and mental stimulation. For grown-up dogs, playing becomes an important activity, that helps them stay healthy and feel involved. It’s crucial to be thoughtful and careful when playing with your puppy. Some owners may accidentally contribute to developing bad habits in their dog, even without realizing it. This is exactly why you’ve got to pick the games the reinforce elements of training and ensure your dog’s consistent positive upbringing.

 

All puppies feel the urge to grab, bite and chew nearly every single item laying around your home. Hunting and destroying these items is something their instincts tell them to do. First, try not to tempt them: hide the shoes, close all drawers and cabinets, roll up the curtains, etc. Second, make sure to get your puppy an appropriate chew toy, something like a Nylabone or a rubber Kong toy will do the job.

 

The key is to redirect your pup’s attention away from the stuff you don’t want to be damaged. For example, if your pup is developing an interest in shoes and slippers, you can spray them with a deterrent like Bitter Apple spray. Try to engage your pup in a game and put their toy in the spotlight. If you find a chewed-up item with your pup sitting innocently next to it, you’ll have to do a better job supervising them. Punishing your dog after the fact will not make sense to your puppy and will just confuse them.

 

When you start teaching your pup to play fetch, start with 2 identical toys. As the dog brings a toy/ball/rope back, throw the second toy. When your pup drops the toy in his mouth to chase the toy you threw, pickup the first toy. Repeat until your pup is predictably dropping the first toy at your feet before you throw the second toy. Another simple game to learn for your pup is Find It. While playing, you can hide a toy or a treat and ask your pup to search for it. Be flexible, start easy and gradually complicate the task.

 

Training your puppy is a serious, long-term commitment. Don’t feel frustrated when your little friend doesn’t get everything perfect immediately. You can always consult with our certified dog trainer Heather, and together we’ll be able to develop an individualized training plan consisting of games and commands for you and your pup to learn and enjoy. If you wish to learn more, contact Lead the Way K9 Training and fill out our contact form online!

Summer Safety Tips for Dogs

Summer is always an exciting time not just for you but for your four-legged friends. This beautiful season opens a wide range of outdoor activities and fun adventures you can explore together. However, all the amusement can lead to unpleasant consequences if the safety rules arent kept in mind. Your dog is more vulnerable in the summer heat, which is why its your responsibility to ensure their well-being.

 

Overheating

Overheating is one of the most common dangers your dog can face in the summer. The smaller and the hairier your dog is, the more careful you should be. When indoors, make sure your home is well-ventilated, the AC is on and the water bowl is easily accessible. When youre out, try to walk in the shade and avoid hot sidewalks and sand. Remember, never leave your dog in the car! If the technology fails, a car can get extremely hot in as quickly as 10 minutes.

 

Heat Stroke

Prolonged overheating may lead your dog to a heat stroke. Watch out for the early symptoms like miscoordination, dry mouth, bluish tongue, frequent breathing, or muscle twitching. Try to get your puppy to a vet as soon as you notice any of these symptoms. If not addressed right away, these symptoms can escalate to high body temperature, nosebleed, vomiting, or even fainting and convulsions. A general advice to avoid a heat stroke is to stay away from direct sunlight as much as possible.

 

Dehydration

Like us humans, dogs need to stay hydrated at all times, especially in the summer. If your dog is hyperactive, they need even more water. Make sure to change the water in a bowl every day and monitor how much your puppy drinks. When youre out, grab a bottle of water for your dog and offer them a drink every half an hour or so, especially after playing or staying under the sun for a while.

Car Safety Tips for Dogs

Road tripping with dogs can be tricky. When in front of the wheel, you’re responsible for all passengers, including your dog. A misbehaving pup can become the epicenter of the distraction. Some dogs feel anxious when it comes to car rides. Others cant settle and try to get into trouble. Make your dog feel calmer and prevent them from climbing over, and concentrate on driving knowing the dog isn’t chewing on a seatbelt and whatnot.

 

Crates

According to a number of safety tests for dog restraint systems, crates are known to be the safest alternative. If your car is large enough, a regular-sized crate can be placed and secured in the back area. There are different types of crates suitable for animal transportation, such as wire crates, plastic vari kennels, and airline kennels.

Wire crates are a popular and convenient option. However, the bars can be flexible and with some extra dedication, the dog can squeeze out of the wire crate. The crash tests have also proven that wire crates are likely to bend on impact.

Plastic vari kennels and airline kennels are made of solid plastic and are perfect for dog transportation. Unfortunately, the vari kennels cant fit into every car.

 

Restraint Systems

There is a variety of restraint systems for dogs, which are also pretty safe for car travel. This option is more suitable for smaller cars, where fitting a crate is not an option. Ideally, look for a restraint that buckles into a seatbelt, or some kind of permanent seat attachment. Make sure it comes with a back harness so that the dog won’t jerk forward when you suddenly hit the brakes.

 

Dog Seats

Small dogs can usually get away with any kind of elevated dog beds. Energetic puppies, however, can jump out of these beds or fall out of them.

 

The worst way to travel with dogs is to have them sit on the driver’s laps. In addition to being extremely distracting to the driver, the dog can end up hurt. Traveling with dogs becomes even more dangerous if windows are rolled down and the dog is half hanging out of the window. It’s not uncommon for dogs to climb out or fall out of the windows, even while driving, just because they saw something interesting or simply slipped.

 

People with dogs in the car are likely to get into an accident due to not paying attention and hitting breaks quickly. In that instance, the dog can fall out or even launch off the windshield. Dogs often become lost after car accidents – in many cases, dogs get scared and end up running away from the place of the accident.

 

Leaving the dog in a car

 

As the summer is almost here, warmer weather can get your car really hot really quickly. When its 70 degrees and sunny outside, it can take just a few minutes for your dog inside the car to overheat and get sick. Do not leave your dog in a car, unless it’s an absolute necessity. If you need to make a quick stop to get gas or groceries, make sure to park in a shade and keep the car running with the AC on. Lock the door and use the spare key to unlock the car. Don’t take more than 5-10 mins to run your errands while the dog is waiting in the car. Unexpected things can happen, AC might stop running or your car can run out of gas – technology can fail.

 

Take these tips into account next time you’re in a car with the dog. Remember, safety is #1 priority.

Teach Your Dog to LIKE Nail Trims

Summer Car Safety Tips for Your Dog

How To Prepare Your Dog for A New Baby

When youre expecting, there are so many things to do in preparation for the arrival of your new baby. It can be both exciting and overwhelming. And just like the adjustments you will make to being a new parent, your dog, who you probably consider to be your first baby, is going to have to make some big adjustments as well.
Here are some things you can do to help your dog transition from being an only child to welcoming a new baby into the home.

Things to do BEFORE bringing baby home:

Dog Training

  • Teach your dog a Place command. Use the place command (go to a dog bed and stay there) to keep your dog included in your day while also keeping him from getting underfoot or too close to delicate baby activities i.e. nursing, changing diapers, floor time.
  • Correct any jumping behavior. Now is the time to teach your dog that jumping up on people to say hi is no longer allowed. You are going to be carrying your newborn baby in your arms around the house and the last thing you want to worry about are accidents or injuries caused by an excited jumping dog.
  • Teach your dog to take a break. Create a safe, quiet space for your dog to go to if he is feeling stressed or uncomfortable with all the new baby excitement i.e. lots of guests and family visiting your home. Put your dogs crate somewhere quiet and out of the way, and then teach him to go there when you see any signs of stress.

Baby Prep

  • Get a doll and let your dog see you holding it and carrying it around the house. Teach your dog to respect the space around your baby. If you plan to use a baby sling, let your dog get used to seeing you wearing it with the doll.
  • Let your dog investigate all the new baby equipment like bouncers, rockers, baby strollers, car seats, etc. before the baby is using them.
  • Play baby noises (YouTube crying baby noises) to desensitize your dog.
  • Take your dog for walks alongside the baby stroller to get him used to the wheeled addition to your walks together.
  • Create boundaries and off-limits areas. Use baby gates to designate any areas you wont allow your dog as dog-free areas, like the babys room.
  • Make a plan. Determine who will care for your dog while you are at the hospital, whether you hire a professional pet sitter or have a family member who will stay at your home, make sure that person is on-call and ready for when you head to the hospital. Also, think about finding dog care help for the first several weeks after your baby is home while you all adjust to the new routine. Consider hiring a dog walker to make sure your dog is getting enough exercise and attention while youre focusing most of your energy on your new baby.

Things to do AFTER the baby is born:

  • Bring home something the baby has worn to let your dog become familiar with their smell.
  • Introducing your dog and new baby should be planned out and controlled. If your dog gets excited when you typically get home, have someone go in and leash him up before the baby enters the home. Wait until your dog has calmed down and everyone is settled, then allow your dog to have a quick look and sniff before sending your dog to his place. Keep a leash on your dog in the house for the first few days to help you get easy and quick control when needed.
  • Remember safety first should be your new motto when it comes to your dog and baby being around each other. Teaching your dog to respect the space around the baby is a must.
  • Make sure your dogs needs are being met. Hire a dog walker to help exercise your dog. Buy some puzzle toys and slow feeders to keep your dog mentally stimulated and busy throughout the day. Find time for some 1-on-1 quality time spent with just you and your dog, even if its just 5 or 10 minutes. Remember that a dog who is happy and fulfilled is a dog who stays out of trouble and is easier to live with.
Need more help with preparing your dog for a new baby? Contact us today!

How do I get my dog to stop barking???

FAQ: How do I get my dog to stop barking???

I got a phone call today from a woman in Charlottesville, we’ll call her Pam, who was having a major issue with her Yorkshire Terrier’s barking. Pam and her husband live in an apartment complex and were worried all the dog’s barking was going to cause problems with their neighbors, in addition to the fact that the barking was already driving them nuts. So how do you get a dog to stop barking at everything??

The very first thing I recommend for barking is to increase your dog’s exercise by going on longer walks. Barking is very often a symptom of a dog having excess energy or being bored. Barking is a way for the dog to release some energy. Dogs need daily physical exercise to keep them feeling good. Using structured exercise as an outlet for their excess energy is much more appropriate and productive than barking. I also recommend increasing your dog’s mental stimulation. I told Pam she could spend some time during the day training her dog or teaching her dog some tricks. Puzzle toys and food dispensing toys are another way to increase mental stimulation. Making your dog work for their food at meal times by doing some commands or offering focus and attention is also a great way to get dogs using their brain. Playing games such as tug of war or fetch is another great option.

How to stop a dog from barking
Once you know that your dog is getting their physical and mental exercise on a daily basis then you move onto training. I recommend teaching dogs that bark a lot a Quiet command. I have a lot of clients who don’t mind a little barking or who actually like the dog to bark at the door in the case of an unwanted visitor late at night when they’re home alone, but everyone wants the barking to stop when they ask. When your dog is barking say “Quiet” and (if they don’t stop barking immediately) follow the command with something the dog finds unpleasant such as a squirt of water from a spray bottle, a loud noise or a spray of air from a Pet Corrector. Another option is to say “Quiet” and then remove your dog from the room (put in their crate if you use a crate) for several minutes by themselves or until they are quiet if they continue barking even after removing them. Once your dog starts to understand that if they choose to keep barking when you give the Quiet command there are going to be consequences, they will start to respond positively to your command. If you give the Quiet command and your dog stops barking immediately, lavish your dog with praise and treats or perhaps something yummy to chew on.

~Heather

Living in a Multi-Dog Household: Cant we all just get along??

We humans recognize that dogs are pack animals, meaning they are a highly social species who choose to live in groups. They are motivated to seek out contact with others and to avoid social isolation. However when adding a new dog to an existing pack or creating a brand new pack when households merge, for example, successful integration and peaceful coexistence is not always a given. It takes some work (sometimes a lot of work!) to live successfully in a multi-dog home.

Clear Leadership

The most successful multi-dog households are the ones where leadership is clearly defined. Being clear about everyones role in the household makes it easiest for the dogs to understand where they fit in. The owner should be the one who is in charge, who makes the decisions and who provides guidance and direction to the other members of the group. Being the leader doesnt mean being a bully, being forceful or being intimidating. A good leader is fair and consistent and means what they say. The phrase benevolent dictatorship gives a good mental picture to this idea. Commands should be non-negotiable. Good behavior is rewarded, bad behavior is corrected.

Controlling resources is an easy way to establish yourself as the clear leader. Access to things like food, toys and play, furniture, the yard and other freedoms should all come through you. Requiring polite behavior and good obedience before dolling out these resources to your dogs reinforces your position.

Advocating

As a good leader you also have the role of Advocate for each of your dogs. Dont allow pushy, bratty or annoying behavior from a dog and interrupt any inappropriate behavior early on. If a dog is showing uncertainty or discomfort with another dogs interactions and their attempts at subtle communication are not being respected, you should step in and back up the dog being bullied as soon as you notice this. By advocating for the uncomfortable dog, you show them that they are being heard and you will stand up for them if needed. This prevents dogs from feeling like they need to escalate their communication. An escalation in canine communication usually means going from subtle body language signals like avoiding eye contact, lip licking and moving away from the other dog to growling and then biting. By being a good advocate for your dogs, they shouldnt feel the need to escalate to more aggressive behavior.

Fulfillment

Meeting the individual needs of each dog in your household will keep them happy and out of trouble. A dog who is living a fulfilled life is far less likely to get into trouble. Most dog owners do a good job of meeting the basic needs of their dogs: food, water, shelter, and medical care. But what Im talking about is fulfillment in every aspect of their canine lives. Physical exercise needs are something we, with our busy family lives, sometimes slack on, myself included. Dogs that arent getting their daily exercise needs met (key word daily) is one of the most common causes for problem behaviors in the home like barking, digging, and chewing.

In addition to physical exercise is their need for mental exercise. Activities that require a dog use their brain, pay attention and focus or that ask them to problem solve are critical to their fulfillment. Think of it like the smart kid in class who isnt being challenged and ends up turning into the trouble maker. Certain breeds of dogs have much higher needs in this area i.e. working breeds like the Border Collie, German Shepherd, and Jack Russell Terrier. Training, canine sports, interactive toys and play are all great ways to meet your dogs mental exercise needs.

The need that most often gets forgotten or ignored is a dogs instinctual needs. Humans have been breeding dogs for hundreds of years for specialized jobs, skills and behaviors. Today, however, the majority of dogs are kept as family pets and are no longer being used for their original purpose. This can end up being a cause for conflict. Behaviors like digging, chasing, herding, hunting, retrieving and even barking can be instinctual to certain breeds. We must provide an alternative appropriate outlet for our dogs to practice these behaviors. Thankfully there is such a wide array of sports and activities available to dog owners including Agility, Weight Pull, Obedience, Field and Hunting Trials, Dock Diving, Disk Dogs, Rally, Tracking, Lure Coursing, Flyball, and even Carting and Bikejoring.

Management vs. Training

Use management techniques to prevent bad behavior and opportunities for bad choices from your dogs. Barriers, baby gates, dog crates and leashes are all useful management tools. By feeding meals in each dogs crate, for example, you can avoid any conflict during mealtimes. This can be especially helpful if you have a food inhaler and also a food grazer. I practice this in my home when I dont have time to stand around and supervise as our grazer takes her sweet time finishing her food. Give high value toys or chew bones with each dog on a separate bed or in crates and always with an adult present to supervise. There should be no unsupervised interactions, especially early on when the dogs are trying to work out the group dynamics.

Pack walks or walking the dogs on leash together is an excellent way to build social drive and an us mentality instead of me vs. them mentality. It gets everyone moving in the same direction towards a common goal. Remember that its also important to give the dogs some down time away from each other so they can relax and decompress.

Focus your training on creating calm behavior around each other, sharing space and existing quietly in the same room or area. Training that builds good impulse control like long sits and downs and the place command should be practiced often.

And finally, at some point you may need to be realistic about what can be changed and what will need to be managed. Be prepared that some dogs may require relying heavily on management for their entire lives; the crate and rotate technique is one way to handle this.

~Heather

Just Relax: Teach your dog to settle